Made up of 21 republics, the Russian Federatiob is the largest and most populous of the former Soviet republics. The Russian Federation is roughly twice the size of the USA and extends from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. It also has coastlines on the Black Sea, the Sea of Japan, the Arctic Ocean and the Caspian Sea. Vast plains dominate the western half.

Climatic conditions vary dramatically ranging from polar conditions in the far north through subarctic and humid continental to subtropical and semi-arid conditions in the south. Permafrost covers almost the whole of Siberia. Rainfall is heavy along the Baltic, Black and Caspian Seas and at the southern end of the Pacific coast. Summer monsoon conditions apply along the Pacific coast. Apart from the far north, which is the coldest region, summers in the rest of the country are short and hot. Moscow in July averages 24°C.

Pre-travel Preparation Will Help Protect Your Health While You Are Away

Pre-travel preparation will help keep you safe and healthy while you are away. Please consult the Travel Doctor-TMVC before you travel overseas. We will provide specific recommendations tailored to your itinerary. Our doctors will assess and advise you on your risks, and recommend appropriate vaccination and medication to minimise your risk of becoming seriously unwell on your trip.

Altitude Sickness

Altitude illness affects many travellers visiting mountainous regions or undertaking high altitude treks, in some cases with very serious consequences. Medication can be used to facilitate the process of acclimatisation to the rarefied atmosphere at high altitudes. Before your departure, it is important to discuss your specific risk with a doctor that understands the effects of high altitude travel.

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Cold Climates

If you are travelling to extremely cold destinations including mountainous regions and snow-flaked landscapes begin exercising to prepare your body six to eight weeks before departure. Cold temperatures are not something to be trifled with, ensuring you are dressed appropriately and know the warning signs for frostbite and hypothermia are critical.

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Safe Eating and Drinking Practices

One of the great pleasures of travel is sampling the local cuisine. However, contaminated food and beverages are a common cause of traveller’s diarrhoea and other gastrointestinal illnesses. Safe eating and drinking practices are essential in minimising your risk of contracting traveller’s diarrhoea.

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