South Sudan, in northeastern Africa, split from Sudan in July 2011, and sits astride the middle reaches of the fertile Nile River, where the bulk of the population lives. The northern part of the country consists of barren, rocky Saharan desert plain stretching westwards to an area of sand dunes.

The climate is tropical continental. Desert conditions in the north with rainfall increasing further south. Temperatures seldom fall below 24°C in the north west. Hottest months are July and August when sandstorms are common. Temperatures in Khartoum vary between 23°C in January and 32°C in July.

Pre-travel Preparation Will Help Protect Your Health While You Are Away

The varied landscape of Somalia can place well-meaning travellers at risk of exposure to disease and illness. Yellow Fever is a risk and proof of vaccination may be required on entry and return to Australia. Consult a travel doctor prior to departure to assess your risks in relation to your medical history and travel plans as some diseases like meningitis have a peak season when the disease is more prevalent in parts of sub-Saharan Africa.

Insect Avoidance

There are a number of viruses and illnesses that are contracted through insects such as fleas, ticks and flies. Mosquitoes however are the biggest culprit of spreading insect borne diseases. Ensure you a prepared and read up on our insect avoidance tips.

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Safe Eating and Drinking Practices

One of the great pleasures of travel is sampling the local cuisine. However, contaminated food and beverages are a common cause of traveller’s diarrhoea and other gastrointestinal illnesses. Safe eating and drinking practices are essential in minimising your risk of contracting traveller’s diarrhoea.

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Warm Climates

Travellers invariably overindulge in ‘sunlust’ activities while traveling in warm climates. It is important to make sure you apply sunscreen regularly and stay hydrated as dehydration and heat stroke often go unrecognised.

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