Medication available over the counter or by prescription inAustraliamay be illegal or considered a controlled substance in other countries particularly in Africa or theMiddle East. Preparations containing codeine are well-known examples but in some countries brain-acting substances such as tranquillisers and amphetamine equivalents eg. pseudephedrine in common cold remedies may be on the banned list. If a person arrives with such medication and without prior approval and the required documentation, they may not be allowed into the country or even be prosecuted. To know if the drug is restricted the relevant country Embassy should be contacted through the relevant website or by email. Medication on the website is listed by its generic name, which may not be the name by which it is known inAustralia, and you should check your medication's generic names with your doctor or pharmacist. Consultation with a Travel Doctor medical advisor can also be helpful.
While it is important for holiday or business travellers to check beforehand it is imperative that long-term travellers or expatriate workers make sure that they comply with requirements. If a listed drug is considered necessary for treatment permission can usually be obtained by application to the Embassy which may apply certain rules and restrictions. In all cases the traveller should carry a copy of the prescription, a covering letter from the prescribing doctor and carry all medication in its original packaging.